Part 3: The Existence of a Creator-God vs. Naturalism—Evidence from Cosmology (the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics)
This blog is part of a series. You can start the series by going back to the September 1, 2014 Introduction called A Case for Christianity: Why do we need one?
The ingredients we find in the makeup of our universe are time, force, energy, space, and matter. -Herbert Spencer, Philosopher of Science
It is interesting that we find these very same ingredients in Genesis 1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
- In the beginning = time
- God = force
- Created = energy
- The heavens = space
- And the earth = matter
In the previous blog we looked at evidence for the existence of a Creator God in the field of Cosmology from the well established “Big Bang” beginning to the universe based on Einstein’s Theory of Relativity and Hubble’s observation of “Red Shift” and “Background Radiation Noise.” All of these point to a continuing expansion of the universe from a single point of beginning in time past. We can also look at one more piece of evidence from cosmology that comes from the 2nd law of thermodynamics. We can observe energy in the universe winding down, and if it is winding down then there must have been an original point in time when it was “winded up.” The 2nd law of thermodynamics (the law of entropy) states that: In a closed system the amount of useful energy is moving toward zero, or in other words it is being used up. A closed system is where no matter or energy can come in from the outside. Within this system you have energy in it, entropy, and over time it is being used up. Relating this law to our universe, we find that energy, such as that being transmitted in the form of heat from our sun, is winding down. If something is winding down, running out of energy, and coming to an end it must have had a beginning.
In the beginning you laid the foundations of the earth, and the heavens are the work of your hands. They will perish, but you remain; they will all wear out like a garment. Like clothing you will change them and they will be discarded. But you remain the same, and your years will never end. Psalm 102:25-27
In conclusion to the evidence from Cosmology we can say that the Big Bang Theory, the observation of red shift and radiation background noise along with the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics give solid evidence that there was at some point in time a sudden and immediate beginning to the existence of the universe. All of this evidence supports the second premise from the Cosmological Argument for the existence of a Creator-God:
- Whatever begins to exist must have a cause.
- The universe began to exist.
- Therefore the universe has a cause.
It is interesting that there are so many verses in the Bible that speak to this “stretching out” in the creation account of the universe:
This is what God the Lord says— the Creator of the heavens, who stretches them out, who spreads out the earth with all that springs from it, who gives breath to its people, and life to those who walk on it: Isaiah 42:5
It is I who made the earth and created mankind on it. My own hands stretched out the heavens; I marshaled their starry hosts. Isaiah 45:12
But God made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding. Jeremiah 10:12
“He made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding.” Jeremiah 51:15
Over the next several blogs I am going to continue to present logical reasoning and sound scientific evidence not found in the public school textbooks.
Let me know what you think: After looking at the evidence from Cosmology over the last two blogs, where would you say that you are in the debate between the existence of a Creator-God vs. naturalism as a cause for the origin of our universe?
Join us next time for: Is There Really Something Beyond Us? Part 4: The Existence of a Creator-God vs. Naturalism—Evidence from Design (The Teleological Argument)
Always be ready to give an answer for the hope that you have in Christ Jesus as Lord.
1 Peter 3:15